The world is facing its biggest famine since the end of World War II
By Rebecca for BBC School Report
Although the world produces enough food to feed everyone, 795 million people in the world, or one in nine, were suffering from severe malnourishment in 2014-16. According to recent research by a website called World Hunger: undernutrition is the cause of 3.1 million child deaths annually, which was 45% of all child deaths in 2011
161 million under-five year olds were estimated to be undersized for their age around the world in 2013. Over one third of such children live in Africa and about half live in Asia. These children are severely malnourished. Therefore they don’t grow or develop properly.
A peace deal between Sudan and South Sudan signed in August 2015 has failed. Since last July the violence killed tens of thousands of people and forced 3.1 million people to flee their homes. An estimated 100,000 people in South Sudan are currently experiencing famine and one million others are facing starvation.
The Queen is making a personal donation to a charity in the UK for families facing starvation in East Africa. The government have said it will match the £5 million already donated by the public.
Disaster’s Emergency Committee (DEC) say at least 16 million people in Somalia, Kenya, Ethiopia and South Sudan need food, water and medical treatment. Conflict and drought (abnormally low rainfall) are to blame for the crisis.
Saleh Saeed, chief executive of the DEC said: “More than 800,000 aged under five are now facing starvation and will die soon if we don’t reach them and act quickly.”
Many people believe that the famine is an emergency situation and needs to be dealt with immediately. Across the four countries- Somalia, Kenya, Ethiopia and South Sudan- around 20 million people are at risk of starvation.
There needs to be more awareness for this situation as many people are dying from malnourishment.
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